18650 Rechargeable Batteries

I have several of the 18650 Ultrafire batteries in different sizes from 2500 mAH to 4000 mAH. I left a couple of them sitting unused for six months and when I came back they had discharged completely and would not take a charge.


I found on Google that I could direct connect power from a USB port and get these to charge up enough that my regular charger was able to bring one set back to a usable level of charge.

The second set wouldn’t charge in anything I had so I ordered a new charger from Amazon in the hopes that it would be able to revive this pair of batteries. Lucky for me it did and they now test out over 3.7 volts with a multi meter.


These were the 4000 mAH Ultrafire battery and they seem to be working fine now. the second pair are 3000 mAH and they just didn’t want to charge in either of the two chargers that I have. The new charger doesn’t seem to have this problem and so far the batteries have not even heated up while on this charger.

Intelligent Charger, SEWE LCD Display Universal Smart Charger for Rechargeable Batteries Li-ion batteries 18650 18490 18350 17670 17500 16340(RCR123) 14500, Ni-MH/Ni-Cd A AA AAA Batteries



Italian Bread

The finished product.

2 cups lukewarm water (~100°F)
1 package active dry yeast ((2.25 teaspoons))
5 cups flour
2 tablespoon light brown sugar
2 tablespoons olive oil
2½ teaspoons salt

1 egg white (lightly beaten)
2 tablespoons sesame seeds

Stir the yeast into ½ cup of the warm water. Let proof as you measure out the dry ingredients. I didn’t bother with proofing the yeast as the King Arthur site says you don’t need that.

Combine 5 cups flour, sugar and salt in the bowl of an electric mixer. Add the yeast mixture, remaining water, and olive oil. Using a dough hook attachment, mix on the lowest speed of electric mixer until a dough starts to form, adding more flour as needed, up to an additional ¾ cup.
Knead on low speed for 7 minutes. Transfer dough to a lightly floured surface and knead by hand for 1 to 2 minutes, or until a smooth, firm, elastic dough is formed.

Transfer the dough to a lightly oiled bowl and spray the dough with a thin coating of cooking spray. Wrap the bowl with plastic wrap and set aside to proof in a warm, draft-free place for 1½ hours or until doubled in size.

Remove the plastic wrap, punch down and flatten the rounded dough with the heel of your hand. Roll the dough up tightly, sealing the seam well after each roll. The dough should be elongated and oval-shaped, with tapered and rounded (not pointed) ends.

Place a baking stone on the center oven rack and preheat the oven to 425°F. Place a metal baking pan on the lowest rack.

Place the dough on an inverted baking sheet. Allow the dough to proof, loosely covered with a floured dish towel, for 30 minutes, or until doubled in size.

If using the topping, brush the dough with the egg white and sprinkle the sesame seeds over the top. Using a razor blade or sharp knife, slash the dough lengthwise about 1/4-inch deep, keeping the blade at a 45-degree angle.

Just prior to placing the bread in the oven, pour 1 cup of water into the metal pan you placed on the bottom rack of the oven. Then, transfer the loaf from the peel to the stone in the oven.

Bake the dough until golden brown and a hollow thud is heard when tapping the bottom of the bread (it should register at least 195 degrees F on an instant-read thermometer), about 30 to 40 minutes. Allow the bread to cool before slicing.

Picture Frame from a TV and RaspberryPi

Hardware used

Raspberry PI 3B+ you could also use a Pi Zero W, I already had the PI

Sceptre E205W-1600 2020 20″ 75Hz 

VideoSecu LCD LED Monitor TV Wall Mount

Short HDMI cable

Software used


Eye of Gnome

SFTP to map a drive to my Chromebook so I can just take new photos and drag them over into the folder.

SWISH installed on a windows PC or SFTP NET Drive so you can use SFTP like a mounted drive and and not install anything else on the Pi. Not something I needed but its here in case I change my mind or someone else wants an idea.

Installed raspbian.

Pricing out a twenty inch digital picture frame on Amazon they were in the $200 to $300 range. I put this together for under $125. It also lets me use wireless to move pictures into or out of the slideshow.

Change Eye of Gnome to set the time delay for the slideshow. Added eog-plugins to be able to randomize the slideshow.

gsettings set org.gnome.eog.fullscreen seconds N <N= number of seconds between slides>

sudo apt-get install eog-plugins

Edited crontab -e to start and stop the slideshow on a schedule. vcgencmd is used to start and stop output on the HDMI port starting at 8 AM and stopping at 9 PM. I Used Crontab Guru online tool to help set the times. The vgencmd commands are to turn the display off at 9 PM and turn it back on at 8 AM, then at 8:01 start the slideshow.

0 8 * * * vcgencmd display_power 1 <Turns the screen back on at 8AM>
1 8 * * * /home/pi/scripts/display.sh
0 21 * * * vcgencmd display_power 0 <blanks the screen at 9PM>

Wrote a couple scripts to start the slideshow. Make the scripts executable “chmod 755 <script.sh>” and put all the scripts in a folder named scripts.

DISPLAY=:0.0 /home/pi/scripts/runslideshow.sh

eog –slide-show /media/Slides/

Used screen to run testing of the scripts.

screen -ls to list screens

screen -r <screen number> to reattach to a screen

The screensaver would kick on after a while and the temperature would go to 84.9’C or higher sometimes. So I disabled the screensaver completely in the GUI. the problem seems to have gone away with that change.

Things to do.

Make a wooden frame for the TV so it looks like a picture frame?

Clean up the power cables

The handicap van and blue lines on the pavement

Recent events have brought to light the decline of civilized society and entitlement of the entitled people. I speak of those parking in handicap spots without a permit and those parking along side a handicap van that is in a marked spot with the parking space next to it marked in blue paint to ensure there is room to load and unload the van occupants.

handicap parking

Usually those lines n the pavement are painted blue and accompanied by signs on posts to make clear for the more dense. You could contact the local police however by the time they arrive the offender will usually be long gone and it will have further inconvenienced the people trying to use these spots by having them wait around for longer periods of time then what would happen if they just left a note on the offending vehicle and left.


For these special people that insist on parking in these spots remedies have been suggested such as leaving a note, placing a sticker on the vehicle or just shooting the vehicle with a paint ball gun.


Maybe that sticker is to much, also keying the offenders car or shooting with a paintball gun have been determined to be to much as well. This is something that has irritated me for years as my father had one bad leg that limited his mobility. Its possible this made me more aware of the situation and the problems it can cause.

I prefer the turtle coloring page but you can’t always have one available when you need it.

turtles rule

English muffin bread

3 cups flour
1 cup warm water
2 eggs
1 packet dry yeast
salt to taste
Corn meal to coat the bread pan with
Mix one cup flour and dry ingredients.
Add eggs and water
Mix three minutes
Mix in the rest of the flour slowly until a nice ball forms
From into a loaf and set in the greased and corn meal coated bread pan.
Let sit one hour in a warm place or until it rises to the top of the pan.
Heat the oven to four hundred degrees
Bake for about twenty minutes and cover to keep the top from browning to much.
Bake another ten minutes or until it sounds hollow.
Remove from the pan and let it cool

English Muffin Bread

Fermented Garlic


  • 12-14 heads of garlic
  • Brine of 1 quart fresh water + 2 Tbsp. sea salt
  • Herbs such as basil or oregano if desired


  1. Peel garlic removing the paper skin. Fill a quart jar within 1 inch of the top with the garlic cloves.
  2. Pour brine and herbs over garlic cloves.
  3. Open the jar once a day to release the pressure created by fermentation. When you do this, your kitchen will smell very strongly of garlic, especially once the fermentation really gets going.
  4. It might take a few days to a week for fermentation to begin. You can tell when you see tiny bubbles in the brine. After a bit, the brine will take on a lovely golden-brown color.
  5. Let the garlic continue to ferment for at least a month for best results, but some of the best, most mellowed flavors that I’ve gotten have been cloves that had fermented for at least two months.
  • You can use it anywhere you would use fresh garlic. After being fermented, one clove almost works as well as two.
  • When you are out of the garlic cloves, save the brine. Add a drop or two to savory cocktails like Bloody Marys, sprinkle in dressings or marinades, or blend with melted butter for a quick and easy garlic butter.

Campfire Cobbler


6 peaches, chopped

2 c. raspberries

1 c. blueberries

1 c. chopped strawberries

1/4 c. plus 2 tbsp. sugar, divided

2 tbsp. cornstarch

2 tsp. ground cinnamon

pinch of kosher salt

2 1/3 c. Bisquick Mix

1/2 c. milk 


  1. In a bowl, combine fruit, 1/4 cup sugar, cornstarch, cinnamon, and salt. Mix well.
  2. In a bowl, combine Bisquick and milk. Mix, until completely combined.
  3. Butter a large cast-iron skillet. Add fruit mixture and top with Bisquick topping. Sprinkle with remaining 2 tablespoons sugar.
  4. Cover with foil and cook over a campfire until biscuits are no longer doughy and fruit is warm and bubbly, 50 minutes.
  5. Let cool 20 minutes, then serve.

Juniper EX4300 pam files corrupt

Amnesiac (ttyu0)
login: root
rts_filter_prep_fields error getting rt_flags in rtentry_t
Amnesiac (ttyu0)
login: root
Amnesiac (ttyu0)
Amnesiac (ttyu0)
login: root
Amnesiac (ttyu0)

Huh no prompt for a password there just login: over and over.
Boot into single user mode.

FreeBSD/PowerPC U-Boot bootstrap loader, Revision 2.4
(dc-builder@svl-cdbu-pool007.juniper.net, Wed Jun 19 20:28:02 PDT 2013)
Memory: 2048MB
bootsequencing is enabled
bootsuccess is set
new boot device = disk0
Loading /boot/defaults/loader.conf
/kernel data=0xb5cbe6+0xd582a syms=[0x4+0x9d690+0x4+0xe62e2]

Hit [Enter] to boot immediately, or space bar for command prompt.

Type ‘?’ for a list of commands, ‘help’ for more detailed help.
loader> boot -s

Trying to mount root from ufs:/dev/da0s1a
Attaching /packages/junos via /dev/mdctl…
Mounted junos-ex package on /dev/md0…
System watchdog timer disabled
Enter full pathname of shell or ‘recovery’ for root password recovery or RETURN for /bin/sh:

Just hit enter and don’t go into recovery. Prompt changes to #.

NOTE: to go to multi-user operation, exit the single-user shell (with ^D)
# mount -a
WARNING: /config was not properly dismounted
WARNING: /var was not properly dismounted
/var: mount pending error: blocks 4 files 1

# chflags 0 /var/etc/pam.conf
# exit

chflags 0 /var/etc/pam.conf and exit to reboot. This fixed the problem where I just kept seeing login: over and over with no password prompt.

Amnesiac (ttyu0)

login: root
— JUNOS 14.1X53-D12.9 built 2015-06-25 03:06:46 UTC
rts_filter_prep_fields error getting rt_flags in rtentry_t
root@:RE:0% al daemons:set cores for group access

Logs in correctly now and I ran the JunOS upgrade from here and got everything stable again.

Annoying messages.
Auto Image Upgrade: To stop, on CLI apply
“delete chassis auto-image-upgrade” and commit

Auto Image Upgrade: No DHCP Client in bound state, reset all DHCP clients
Auto Upgrade: DHCP Client State Reset: irb.0 vme.0
Entering configuration mode

root# delete chassis auto-image-upgrade

set system root-authentication plain-text-password
New password:
Retype new password:

root# commit
configuration check succeeds
commit complete

root> request system software add /var/tmp/jinstall-ex-4300-17.3R3.10-signed.tgz reboot
NOTICE: Validating configuration against jinstall-ex-4300-17.3R3.10-signed.tgz.
NOTICE: Use the ‘no-validate’ option to skip this if desired.
Verify the signature of the new package
Verified jinstall-ex-4300-17.3R3.10.tgz signed by PackageProductionRSA_2018
WARNING: A reboot is required to install the software
WARNING: Use the ‘request system reboot’ command immediately
Rebooting …
shutdown: [pid 2254]
Shutdown NOW!

Boots up in the new OS
root@:RE:0% cli
root> show version
Model: ex4300-48p
Junos: 17.3R3.10
JUNOS EX Software Suite [17.3R3.10]
JUNOS FIPS mode utilities [17.3R3.10]
JUNOS Crypto Software Suite [17.3R3.10]
JUNOS Online Documentation [17.3R3.10]
JUNOS jsd [powerpc-17.3R3.10-jet-1]
JUNOS SDN Software Suite [17.3R3.10]
JUNOS EX 4300 Software Suite [17.3R3.10]
JUNOS Web Management Platform Package [17.3R3.10]
JUNOS py-base-powerpc [17.3R3.10]
JUNOS py-extensions-powerpc [17.3R3.10]

Get rid of some errors related to snapshots being different.
root> request system snapshot media internal slice alternate all-members
Formatting alternate root (/dev/da0s1a)…

Copying ‘/dev/da0s2a’ to ‘/dev/da0s1a’ .. (this may take a few minutes)
The following filesystems were archived: /

root> show system alarms
4 alarms currently active
Alarm time Class Description
2019-02-15 12:20:53 UTC Major FPC 0 PSU 1 Output Failure
2019-02-15 12:20:48 UTC Major FPC 0 PSU 1 Not OK
2019-02-15 12:20:38 UTC Major Management Ethernet Link Down
2019-02-15 12:20:01 UTC Minor Rescue configuration is not set

root> show chassis alarms
3 alarms currently active
Alarm time Class Description
2019-02-15 12:20:53 UTC Major FPC 0 PSU 1 Output Failure
2019-02-15 12:20:48 UTC Major FPC 0 PSU 1 Not OK
2019-02-15 12:20:38 UTC Major Management Ethernet Link Down

Clean up some more alarms.
root> request system configuration rescue save

Power it down and wait till I need this as it is now the spare.

Tasmota Martin Jerry Smart Switch

smart switch
smart switch installation
It fits the standard mult-gang outlet plate, and outlet box. Just replace your non-smart switch with this smart one in 10 mins.

Neutral wire is required
One-way switch (NOT 3-way)
2.4G Home WiFi network (NOT 5G)
iOS or Android phone
Basic electrical wiring experience
Basic installation tools (screwdriver, wire strippers, voltage checker)
I used these settings that I found and can’t find again from the Internet. With generic it gives me three switch options in the local page but I’m only using one here.

I also have some Martin Jerry smart plugs that I loaded Tasmota on. One problem with these is they display as OFF in the Tasmota software when they are on. I removed entries from GPI04 and GPI05 to get rid of two extra buttons that were displayed in the GUI. The button on the side of the plug works but doesn’t light up right now.

For the plugs that I had, the relay needed to be changed otherwise off was on and on was off. So D6 change 29 to 21 and it works as expected.

I’ve got a generic Tuya Smart outdoor plug that I flashed with Tasmota. It has two outlets on it so the settings are below.

I named the outlets one and two and loaded them into Hubitat with the Sonoff-Tasmota driver as two separate virtual devices as switch number 1 and switch number 2. This plug is branded Amzdest with two outlets.

I tried another outdoor plug that I have this one is three outlets and labeled as Tonbux. I couldn’t get the third outlet working but found a link with a number of similar devices and used the setup from there.

Three outlet outdoor plug

Italian Bread Recipe

3 cups flour
2 tsp. sugar
½ tsp. salt
1 pkg. (2¼ tsp.) dry yeast
1 cup warm water
2 Tbsp. olive oil
1 egg white, beaten

In large bowl, mix flour, sugar, salt, and dry yeast. Add warm water and oil. Mix well. Turn dough out onto lightly-floured surface. Knead dough 10 minutes. Place dough in lightly-greased bowl, turning once to grease top. Cover with a warm, moist kitchen towel and let sit in warm place for about 40 minutes. Sprinkle ungreased cookie sheet with cornmeal. Punch dough down and cover. Let rest 15 minutes. Shape dough into long loaf, about 12 inches long, and place on cookie sheet. Cover and let rise in warm place for about 35 minutes, or until doubled. With a sharp knife, make a deep lengthwise cut in the top of the loaf. Brush the loaf with egg white and bake at 375° F for 30 minutes or until it sounds hollow when tapped and is a golden brown. Cool on wire rack.